Suicide, especially in Aboriginal youth, is an enormous problem in Canada. Although not well understood, Aboriginal suicidal behavior is a complex problem linked to individual, family, community and socio-cultural factors. There is a need to develop interventions to reduce suicidal behavior especially for on-reserve populations. The current research project aims to develop culturally-grounded suicide prevention strategies for Aboriginal people. In order to do this, we have brought together a new team – The Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team. This team includes community members from Swampy Cree Tribal Council (First Nations communities in Northwestern Manitoba), health care providers and university-based researchers and clinicians. Together this team will develop new knowledge related to understanding factors related to suicidal behavior and suicide prevention strategies. The current work will focus on developing methods for prevention, early detection and treatment strategies.
Our team is currently working on a number of research projects in your communities. Please click on each of the headings below to find out more about these projects.
PUBLICATIONS, THESES & REPORTS
Sareen, J., Isaak, C., Bolton, S.L., Enns, M.W., Elias, B., Deane, F., Munro, G., Stein, M.B., Chateau, D., Gould, M., & Katz, L.Y. (2013). Gatekeeper Training for Suicide Prevention in First Nations Community Members: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Depression & Anxiety, 10:1021-9. (Epub ahead of print). [see article]
Bolton, S.L., Elias, B., Enns, M.W., Sareen, J., Beals, J., Novins, D.K., Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team, & AI-SUPERPFP Team. (2014). A comparison of the prevalence and risk factors of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in two American Indian population samples and in a general population sample. Transcultural Psychiatry, 51:3-22. [see article]
Mota, N., Elias, B., Tefft, B., Medved, M., Munro, G., Sareen, J. (2012). Correlates of suicidality: Investigation of a representative sample of Manitoba First Nations adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 102:1353-61. [see article]
Elias B., Mignone, J., Hall, M., Hong, S.P., Hart, L., Sareen J. (2012). Trauma and suicide behaviour histories among a Canadian indigenous population: An empirical exploration of the potential role of Canada's residential school system. Social Science and Medicine, 74:1560-9. [see article]
Katz, L.Y., Au, W., Singal, D., Brownell, M., Roos, N., Martens, P.J., Chateau, D., Enns, M.W., Kozyrskyj, A.L., Sareen, J. (2011). Suicide and suicide attempts in children and adolescents in the child welfare system. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 17:1977-81. [see article]
Isaak, C.A., Campeau, M., Katz, L.Y., Enns, M.W., Elias, B., Sareen, J., Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team. (2010). Community-based suicide prevention research in remote on-reserve First Nations communities. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 8:258-70. [see article]
Isaac, M., Elias, B., Katz, L.Y., Deane, F.P., Belik, S.L., Enns, M.W., Sareen, J, &
Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team. (2009). Gatekeeper training as a preventative
measure for suicide prevention: A systematic review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54:260-8. [see article]
Rasic, D.T, Belik, S.L., Elias, B., Katz, L.Y., Enns, M.W., Sareen, J., & Swampy
Cree Suicide Prevention Team. (2008). Spirituality, religion and suicidal behavior in a
nationally representative sample. Journal of Affective Disorders, 114:32-40 (Epub ahead of print). [see article]
Pagura, J., Fotti, S., Katz, L., Sareen, J, & Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team
s). Help-seeking and perceived need for mental health care among individuals with
suicidal ideation and attempts: Findings from a nationally representative sample. Psychiatric
Services. [see article]
Nepon, J., Fotti, S., Katz, L.Y., Sareen, J., & Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention
Team. (200). Canadian Psychiatric Association Position Paper: Media guidelines for
reporting suicide. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. [see article]
Katz, L.Y., Elias, B., O’Neil, J., Enns, M.W., Cox, B.J., Belik, S.L., & Sareen, J. (2006).
Aboriginal Suicide Prevention: From Risk Factors to Culturally-Sensitive Interventions.
Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 15:159-167. [see article]
||This presentation was made at the Canadian Psychiatric Association annual meeting by Jitender Sareen
||This is a poster presented at the Canadian Academy of Psychiatric Epidemiology conference by Dr. Daniel Rasic
||Corinne Isaak looked at the qualitative research questions to assess multi-generational perspectives on suicide prevention and intervention strategies.
||Jitender Sareen's presentation for grand rounds November 2008
||Dr. Josh Nepon and the SCSP Team developed guidelines for the media to follow when reporting on suicides.